The chemical formula of the substance “Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene” or ABS with its abbreviated name (C8H8• C4H6•C3H3N)x). It is a light and hard polymer that is widely used in molded products.
This material is a copolymer obtained by polymerization of styrene and acrylonitrile in polybutadiene. The ratios of the substances it contains can vary as acrylonitrile between 15%-35%, butadiene between 5%-30% and styrene between 40%-60%. The result is the cross-linking of the short chains of poly (styrene and acrylonitrile) and the long chains of polybutadiene. Nitrile groups from neighboring chains polarly attract and bind other chains to form ABS, which is more durable than pure polystyrene.
Styrene gives shine and good surface to plastic. Butadiene provides rubber properties and flexibility at low temperatures. ABS can be used between -25 °C and 60 °C.
ABS polymer material has been used since the 1940s. For the production of 1 kg of ABS, 2 kg of oil and energy are needed as raw materials.
It is a light and hard polymer material that is widely used in many products produced by ABS plastic molding. ABS plastic material is a copolymer obtained by polymerization of styrene acrylonitrile in polybutadiene. It is used in products like automotive parts, controls, toys, protective helmets, computer and TV cases, pipe materials, etc. Most important features are its harmless structure to the environment and suitability to produce durable bodies.
ABS plastic is resistant to acids and bases as well as its electrical insulation is very good.
Features of ABS plastic:
- It is a polymer material that does not harm the environment
- Good electrical insulation
- High chemical resistance
- Easy to manufacture
- Not affected by water and humidity
- Good surface quality
- It has a lightweight and high impact resistant structure.